Commercial Readiness of Absolute Zero GHG Technologies

ZESTAs’ paper discusses findings from the MARIN NL Model for ESSF SAPS, which compares various marine fuels’ greenhouse gas emissions over a 100-year Global Warming Potential (GWP), noting that some fuels produce 0% emissions over this period. Only technologies reaching at least demonstration stage (TRL7 or higher) are considered. Additionally, references are made to Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and Commercial Readiness Levels (CRLs) following expanded definitions presented to ISWG-GHG 14 by IMO Secretariat, DNV, and Ricardo plc on 22nd March 2023.

Potential of Hydrogen as Fuel for Shipping

To identify the potential for adopting hydrogen as a marine fuel by examining the production capacity, the regulatory landscape, and technologies along with techno-economic analyses and risk-based case studies

The shipping industry’s fuel choices on the path to net zero

To expect the timing of adoption and commercialization of green alternative fuel engines from the perspective of international shipping and explain the major roles of stakeholders related to alternative fuels in shipping

Energy Transition Outlook 2023 Transport in Transition: A deep dive into fuels, electricity, and infrastructure

To deeply analyze the transition of electrification, infrastructure, and fuel use in the transport sector for the next 30 years, focusing on fossi fuels, electricity, biofuels, hydrogen, and hydrogen-based fuels (e-fuels)

Key Issues in LCA Methodology for Marine Fuels

To highlight the impact of key considerations and methodological decisions when doing an LCA and demonstrate how these can impact the emissions attributed to different fuels

Maritime Forecast to 2050

To analyze the current state of the shipping industry’s carbon emission reduction transition and the prospects for new technologies and stretegies, including ship design and fuel selection, necessary to achieve full net-zero