Bio-Ethanol as an alternative fuel for vessels

To firmly ensure the research on CO2 reduction in shipping by depicting advantages and disadvantages of bio-ethanol as an alternative fuel for shipping decarbonization

Commercial Readiness of Absolute Zero GHG Technologies

ZESTAs’ paper discusses findings from the MARIN NL Model for ESSF SAPS, which compares various marine fuels’ greenhouse gas emissions over a 100-year Global Warming Potential (GWP), noting that some fuels produce 0% emissions over this period. Only technologies reaching at least demonstration stage (TRL7 or higher) are considered. Additionally, references are made to Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and Commercial Readiness Levels (CRLs) following expanded definitions presented to ISWG-GHG 14 by IMO Secretariat, DNV, and Ricardo plc on 22nd March 2023.

Biofuels in Shipping

To summarize relevant regulations and current status based on the understanding of characteristics of biofuels for ships and explain factors to be considered when biofuels are used in ships, including characteristics and prospects in terms of biofuel production

Energy Transition Outlook 2023 Transport in Transition: A deep dive into fuels, electricity, and infrastructure

To deeply analyze the transition of electrification, infrastructure, and fuel use in the transport sector for the next 30 years, focusing on fossi fuels, electricity, biofuels, hydrogen, and hydrogen-based fuels (e-fuels)

Key Issues in LCA Methodology for Marine Fuels

To highlight the impact of key considerations and methodological decisions when doing an LCA and demonstrate how these can impact the emissions attributed to different fuels

Maritime Forecast to 2050

To analyze the current state of the shipping industry’s carbon emission reduction transition and the prospects for new technologies and stretegies, including ship design and fuel selection, necessary to achieve full net-zero

Using bio-diesel onboard vessels

To address key issues in related to biofuels used in ships based on the physical and chemical properties of FAME-based biodiesel oil, this study highlights key factors to consider when using marine biofuels on ships and addresses major issues in international regulations concerning exhaust gases generated from combustion and related verification

Oil Analysis & Forecast to 2028

To provides analysis, data, and information on the demand, supply, refining, and logistics distribution of petroleum resources. Based on the current data identified, the paper predicts the demand and supply of fuel oil energy resources on land and at sea until 2028 and provides related information. In addition, the outlook for international petroleum-based energy is analysed based on development information on new and renewable energy produced by region, especially in the Middle East and Asia, including China and India.