Distributinig Carbon Revenues from Shipping

The report discusses which countries could access carbon revenues, for what purposes, and on what terms. It argues that revenues should be used to decarbonize shipping, enhance maritime infrastructure, and support broader climate aims. This (mix of options to use carbon revenues) would speed up shipping’s transition to zero-carbon energy, help build the necessary infrastructure, lower maritime transport costs, and result in climate benefits beyond maritime transport. It would also ensure that all countries, including those with no shipping industry or ports, could access carbon revenues. By developing a smart and flexible framework, the report shows how carbon revenues could be distributed to maximize climate benefits and support an equitable transition.

The role of energy efficiency regulations

The characteristics of the EEDI, EEXI, and CII regulations on ship energy efficiency and their practical impact on the maritime industry were analyzed. The role of each stakeholder in achieving the original purpose of these regulations was explained in realistic terms.

In particular, it introduces the positive impact of the EEDI regulation on the development of energy efficiency improvement technologies of ships, the limitations of the EEXI regulation, and the interrelationships between stakeholders for effective implementation of the CII regulation.

The overview of the discussions at IMO MEPC 80 and frequently asked questions

To provide the overview and interpretation of the outcomes of agenda item 7 of the 80th session of Marine Environment Protection Committee

Recommendations for Design and Operation of Ammonia-Fueled Vessels Basd on Multi-disciplinary Risk Analysis

To understand the risks of using ammonia, including primarily toxicity, onboard fires and explosions and provide the safeguards that can be implemented to reduce them to tolerable levels

Using bio-diesel onboard vessels

To address key issues in related to biofuels used in ships based on the physical and chemical properties of FAME-based biodiesel oil, this study highlights key factors to consider when using marine biofuels on ships and addresses major issues in international regulations concerning exhaust gases generated from combustion and related verification

Maritime Forecast to 2050

To analyze the current state of the shipping industry’s carbon emission reduction transition and the prospects for new technologies and stretegies, including ship design and fuel selection, necessary to achieve full net-zero

Key Issues in LCA Methodology for Marine Fuels

To highlight the impact of key considerations and methodological decisions when doing an LCA and demonstrate how these can impact the emissions attributed to different fuels

Climate Action in Shipping (Progress Towards Shipping’s 2030 Breakthrough)

To urge further progress through evaluation of the performance of the technology and supply sector, demand sector, finance sector, policy sector and civil society sector in shipping over the past year

Power-2-Fuel Cost Analysis

To analyze the production, distribution, and storage costs of various e-fuels and the total costs of ownership (TCO) for using these fuels in vehicles and ships